I don’t know about you but everywhere I look these days I’m seeing an increase in shipping charges and news about trucker shortages.  As a result, we here at RMH have been paying closer attention to our shippers and how freight is charged and recommend you do too.

Below you’ll find just some of the knowledge it’s important to know in order to control your shipping costs and avoid surprises.

Freight Classifications

With 18 possible freight classes to worry about, it’s helpful to understand what’s involved in an individual class so you can easily select the right one.  With this knowledge you can avoid adjustments later on that could cut into your profit.

There are four characteristics that define the freight class:

  • The density of the material, also referred to as the weight per cubic foot.
  • The Stowability of the material. In other words, the length and width.
  • Ease of Handling. The evaluation of the care needed to transport the material.
  • Liability.  This includes the freight price per pound, susceptibility to theft, liability to damage, breakability, and perishability.

Understanding at least part of these four things will make it easier to select the right freight class.  That said, nobody wants to jump through hoops for every shipment, so I’m going to provide you with information on how to classify pallet rack frames, beams, and wire decking below.

Pallet Rack Uprights

Uprights are the trickiest to classify because the classification depends heavily on the dimensions and quantity involved in the shipment.  You can start with NMFC (National Motor Freight Classification) 164340-01, AKA Class 70, but this is subject to interpretation so be very sure you give the shipper accurate dimensions, quantity and weight so they can select the proper class and quote you accurately.

Pallet Rack Beams

Beams are almost always Class 65, or NMFC 164340-02, but again it’s important to know the dimensions and weight to receive an accurate quote.

Wire Decking

Palletized shipments of wire decking are NMFC 164150, or Class 70.  While they used to be Class 50, this has changed so be very sure you’re using the right class to avoid adjustments.  Again, providing the size and weight (including the pallets!) will help you receive an accurate quote.